Where Does CBD Oil Come From

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Columbia Orthopaedic Group Blog: What is CBD? Where does it come from? And what’s up with all the hype around it? CBD oil and hemp oils are a growing presence on the health care landscape – what are they and do they really work?

Where Does CBD Oil Come From

What is CBD? Where does it come from? And what’s up with all the hype around it?
CBD’s history, source and legality gets confusing quickly, but we’re here to clear the air. Here are some frequently asked questions about CBD and answers from our Columbia Orthopaedic pharmacists. You can shop our professional-grade full spectrum products here.

Our physicians and pharmacy began receiving a lot of questions regarding CBD products & in response to these questions, we felt it was important to provide quality education to our patients.

We have partnered with Ananda Professional to begin offering pharmaceutical grade (or high quality) hemp derived CBD products to our patients and community. Ananda Professional understands the importance of patient education and markets a fully compliant and legal CBD oil product line created specifically for independent pharmacies and healthcare professionals.

Here are addressing some of the common concerns and misconceptions regarding CBD, hemp & marijuana.

What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical in the Cannabis sativa plant, also known as cannabis or hemp. CBD is a completely non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in both hemp and marijuana, known for its health promoting benefits. The 2018 Farm Bill officially legalized CBD on a federal level as long as it is derived from hemp (as opposed to marijuana) and as long as the hemp plant from which it was derived contains less the 0.3% THC.

How does CBD work?
Just like all mammals have a digestive system, an immune system, and a cardiovascular system– all mammals also have an endocannabinoid system. However, the endocannabinoid system was only recently discovered in the 1990s and scientists and researchers are only just beginning to fully understand this complex system. We have cannabinoid receptors throughout our entire body including the brain, connective tissue and immune cells to name a few.

These receptors help our body manage the processes that govern pain, emotions, appetite, focus, memory, the immune system and other functions. The body produces its own endocannabinoids that bind to these cannabinoid receptors and act as chemical messengers to promote balance within the body. Deficiencies in our own bodies production of endocannabinoids lead to imbalance and can make our bodies vulnerable to disease.

CBD works with these receptors to help the body help itself to produce a variety of potentially positive benefits. That’s why studies have shown it to be universally beneficial for such a wide variety of ailments. Essentially, CBD can be shown to help make up for this deficit.

Plant-derived cannabinoids, called phytocannabinoids, can help support the body’s endocannabinoid system either directly by binding to cannabinoid receptors throughout the body or indirectly by preventing the body from breaking down its own endocannabinoids. CBD does not bind to endocannabinoid receptors directly, but rather prevents the breakdown of our natural endocannabinoids ensuring we have enough of our own natural chemical messengers to properly regulate sleep, stress, appetite, mood, pain etc. Because CBD does not directly bind to our endocannabinoid receptors, it does not produce the intoxicating “high” that is associated with marijuana use.

What is the best way to take CBD?
There are a wide range of available dosage forms, from topical creams and salves, capsules and oral tinctures, and it can also be useful to get some education on which formulation might be most appropriate for you and how to get the most benefit from the product you choose.

Do CBD products contain THC?
There may be instances where a CBD isolate (sometimes also labeled as THC free) may be appropriate. A true full-spectrum hemp oil will likely contain very trace amounts of THC (if you remember from the previous video, hemp-derived oils are legal as long as they contain less than 0.3% THC). While these trace amounts of THC are not enough to produce any sort of “high”, there is a potential with sustained use that one could test positive on a urine drug screen for THC. This is something consumers should be aware of and educated on, especially if you are subject to drug testing by your place of employment.

What’s the difference between Cannabis, hemp and CBD?

Cannabis sativa L refers to family of plant and underneath Cannabis sativa L there are two different types of groupings, one is marijuana and one is industrial hemp.

The main difference between marijuana and industrial hemp is their cannabinoid profile — marijuana tends to be very high in THC content whereas hemp generally contains very little THC.

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While there have been over 100 different cannabinoids identified, THC and CBD are the two most understood cannabinoids. THC is the cannabinoid responsible for producing a “high” and CBD is a completely non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in both hemp and marijuana, known for its health promoting benefits. The 2018 Farm Bill officially legalized CBD on a federal level as long as it is derived from hemp (as opposed to marijuana) and as long as the hemp plant from which it was derived contains less than 0.3% THC.

What is the difference between hemp and marjiuana?
A product that is labeled CBD or CBD oil should in fact contain the cannabinoid CBD; however, a product labeled hemp oil or extract may or may NOT contain any CBD. Which part of the hemp plant the oil is derived from will determine whether or not the oil actually contains any cannabinoids such as CBD. If the product says hemp oil or hemp extract, but has no mention of active cannabinoids there is a good chance the product doesn’t contain any CBD.

A product labeled as full-spectrum will generally contain CBD as well as the many other beneficial cannabinoids and phytonutrients available from the hemp plant. A CBD isolate means that the manufacturer has extracted the oil from the hemp plant and then processed the oil in a way as to remove and isolate the CBD from the rest of the plant nutrients. Many leading researchers in the field prefer the full-spectrum products to the isolates because the additional cannabinoids and phytonutrients are thought to boost the effects of CBD and provide greater health benefits.

What’s the difference between CBD VS. THC?

CBD:
Not psychoactive

  1. Will not (and cannot!) get you high
  2. Therapeutic potential: anti-inflammatory, pain relieving, immunomodulating, anti-anxiety, etc.
  3. Risks: minimal; possible drug interactions, hepatic toxicity

THC: Psychoactive (“high” effects”)

  1. The compound that elicits the high in marijunana
  2. Highly regulated
  3. Federally illegal
  4. Therapeutic potential

Will I fail a Drug test?
There may be instances where a CBD isolate (sometimes also labeled as THC free) may be appropriate. A true full-spectrum hemp oil will likely contain very trace amounts of THC (if you remember from the previous video, hemp-derived oils are legal as long as they contain less than 0.3% THC). While these trace amounts of THC are not enough to produce any sort of “high”, there is a potential with sustained use that one could test positive on a urine drug screen for THC. This is something consumers should be aware of and educated on, especially if you are subject to drug testing by your place of employment.

What is full spectrum hemp extract?
A product labeled as full-spectrum will generally contain CBD as well as the many other beneficial cannabinoids and phytonutrients available from the hemp plant. A CBD isolate means that the manufacturer has extracted the oil from the hemp plant and then processed the oil in a way as to remove and isolate the CBD from the rest of the plant nutrients. Many leading researchers in the field prefer the full-spectrum products to the isolates because the additional cannabinoids and phytonutrients are thought to boost the effects of CBD and provide greater health benefits.

Why are some CBD brands more expensive than others?

The information on CBD can be overwhelming and often seem to be contradictory depending on which source you read. To make matters even more confusing there are several terms that are often used interchangeably – although they may not actually be the same thing.

CBD products contain a variety of names on the packaging from CBD oil, Hemp oil, hemp extract, full-spectrum hemp oil, CBD isolate, and the list goes on… So what exactly is the difference and does it matter?

Today more and more people are in search of alternative therapies to treat various ailments or to promote general wellbeing, and unfortunately there are so many companies looking to capitalize on this market and CBD products are no different. Various shops are popping up all over the place advertising that they sell CBD, not to mention the many online options available.

Consumers need to be aware that currently there is no standardization or regulation on CBD products and therefore not all CBD products are created equal. Due to the lack of standardization some companies, such as the one we have partnered with, have taken it upon themselves to do their own quality analysis. Ananda professional has their quality analysis performed by a third party lab on each batch of product produced to ensure compliance with the Farm Bill, to ensure dosing matches their packaging and to provide consumers with the peace of mind that their product does not contain harmful chemical residues from herbicides and pesticides.

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In addition to the importance of obtaining CBD products from a reputable, quality source, we believe it is also important to have some guidance from a health care professional before starting a CBD regimen to ensure it will not interfere with any of your current medications or medical conditions.

Remember, quality over quantity!

Who to trust for CBD?
Here at the Pharmacy at COG we are excited to be offering a line of high quality CBD products while also being able to provide education and guidance to our patients and those in our community.

Pharmacy Hours M-F 8 AM- 5 PM

Columbia Orthopaedic Group

1 South Keene Street
Columbia, Missouri 65201

Directions
Online: Contact Us Form
Phone: (573) 443-2402
Email: [email protected]
Office Hours: Monday – Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

CBD Oil vs. Hemp Oil: What’s the Difference?

CBD oil and hemp oil have different scientific elements, but both claim to fight common ailments that are giving the oils a growing fan base.

Oct 5, 2020 1:02 PM EDT

With marijuana usage rising as more U.S. states legalize the controversial but commercially available herb, a cottage industry has developed around the use of marijuana with various claims of healthy attributes on multiple medical fronts.

Officially, marijuana is deemed as Schedule I herbal substance by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, meaning the drug offers “no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse,” according to the federal government. That categorization was adjusted after the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which included a provision that separated hemp from marijuana, as noted in the Controlled Subject Act.

Millions of users and a growing number of health specialists disagree with any negative tone, noting that marijuana (Cannabis) has health-improving components that deserve a closer look by the medical community.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, “marijuana refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. The plant contains the mind-altering chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other related compounds. Extracts can also be made from the cannabis plant.”

Virtually all of the health care products derived from the cannabis plant centers around two primary components – CBD (Cannabidiol) oil and hemp oil. Each is used and sold as natural health remedies and, even as they share certain characteristics, they have some important differences, too.

CBD Oil. vs. Hemp Oil

Let’s take a closer look at hemp oil and CBD oil and see how they compare – and how they differ.

What Is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is derived from the Cannabis sativa plant and is known scientifically as cannabidiol. CBD is one of 120 known chemical compounds embedded in marijuana plants and differs from hemp in that it contains Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the primary psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis.

THC levels vary from plant to plant and CBD is largely considered by scientists not to be psychoactive on its own, but foes contain health-improving components that aid individuals suffering from a wide array of medical issues, including high blood pressure, anxiety, and trouble sleeping, among other maladies.

What health care providers want from CBD is the oil – the main component in the growing number of CBD-based alternative health care products on the marketplace.

CBD oil is extracted from the cannabis plant and then mixed with other herbs and oils to create the CBD oils most often seen in health care products and sold to the public, with varying degrees of validation from health care professionals.

What Is Hemp Oil?

Hemp oil is also derived from Cannabis sativa, which contains the chemical element trans-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the cannabis component that gives marijuana its psychosomatic kick. Hemp oil is extracted from the leaves, petals and seeds from a hemp plant.

Yet Cannabis sativa plants have different levels of THC and that is a major factor in defining hemp oil versus CBD oil. Basically, any cannabis sativa plant that contains more than 0.3% of THC is considered to be marijuana. Anything less than 0.3% THC is considered hemp.

Thus even though Cannabis sativa and hemp a derived from the very same plant species, they are different based on the levels of THC embedded in the plant.

What both CBD oil and hemp oil do have in common is neither is linked to THC and therefore won’t provide that psychological “high” so often attributed to THC.

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Instead, the human body manages cannabinoids through its endocannabinoid system, also known as ECS, which can process CBD and hemp oil through the body and is managed by the human brain, which uses cannabinoids to regulate the body’s physiological reactions to the herb, and help better manage key human elements like eating, sleeping, dealing with pains and illnesses, and improving mood.

Structurally, the primary variance between hemp oil and CBD oil is that hemp oil can only be extracted from a hemp plant. That’s not the case with CBD oil, which can be extracted from a variety of plants, including hemp plants, marijuana plants, and select other plants, as well.

CBD Oil and Hemp Oil Potential Uses

CBD oil and hemp oil do share similar chemical attributes and are touted as health care solutions to various ailments. CBD oil and hemp oil are often used as a natural supplement to improve human health in the following areas:

Anxiety. CBD oil is known as a relaxant, with little or no side effects with regular usage.

Depression. According to a number of clinical studies, CBD seems to positively impact serotonin receptors in the human brain, which improves a person’s emotional state and supports better emotional well-being. That’s a helpful attribute for anyone suffering from depression.

Pain relief. Some health experts say that CBD oil can help alleviate chronic pain, primarily by curbing inflammation that can trigger waves of pain on the human body. The oil can also promote better sleep, which can, in turn, fight back against sleep interruption for people experiencing chronic pains, and help cure insomnia in the process.

Skincare. CBD oil is also known to improve a variety of human skin issues, including acne, wrinkles, brown spots. CBD has the anti-inflammatory ingredients to help clear up and prevent acne, while it also has the anti-oxidants to curb aging skin.

Blood pressure. Scientists say that CBD can also aid the lowering of blood pressure in humans, mainly by reducing the body’s systolic pressure in the arteries as the human heart pumps blood. By taking a moderate dosage of CBD oil, some health experts say, an individual can improve blood flow, lower the heart rate and reduce the anxiety the stress often found in patients with high blood pressure.

As a vitamin supplement. Hemp oil, in particular, holds high doses of important vitamins, like Vitamins E, B, B1 and B2. Hemp oil is also an invaluable source of protein and antioxidants and contains high levels of helpful body supplements like potassium, magnesium and fatty acids. (which can also help cure maladies like acne and psoriasis, and is known to improve the human body’s cholesterol levels.

Proper Usage of CBD Oil and Hemp Oil

What are the best ways to use and inject cannabis oils? While delivery mechanisms can vary, the safest and most productive method of taking cannabis oils are as follows:

Ingest the oils orally. CBD oil consumers can also take doses orally, usually by the chewing of hard candy, mints or gummies. Oral usage takes full advantage of the sublingual gland, located right under the tongue, which helps take in the oils faster and more completely, but in a safer and easier manner than injection.

Via beverages. You can also drink cannabis-related beverages (like tea or juices) to intake the oils, but just know that anything that has to pass through the body’s digestive system reduces the bioavailability impact of cannabis oils.

Whatever course you take, keep your general practitioner in the loop and make sure to thoroughly vet any CBD or hemp oil products before hitting “buy” on your phone or dishing out cash at an alternative health product store.

Like any other over-the-counter health care product, CBD oils and hemp oils can vary in the quality of the product, and there are certainly plenty of fly-by-night operators out there looking to rip you off with a no- or low-quality cannabis-based product.

Do your due diligence, read up on cannabis oils, and ask around among family and friends to get their take on cannabis oils they’ve used.

After all, the more research you do, the higher your chances of optimizing your CBD or hemp oil experience.

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