pipeweed tobacco

‘Flora of Middle-Earth’ Reveals the LOTR Series’ Biggest Letdown

Turns out pipe-weed was more brown than green.

There is a certain variety of stoner whose identity is inextricably linked to a love of Middle-Earth, The Hobbit, Lord of the Rings, and all things J.R.R. Tolkien. This person spends lazy summer afternoons reading The Silmarillion, perhaps puffing on a long wooden pipe packed with sticky green cannabis flowers.

We have some bad news for those marijuana-loving Lord of the Rings fans: Pipe-weed is not weed, as many people — this reporter included — long assumed it was.

This bad news comes by way of Flora of Middle Earth, an actual botany text released by Oxford University Press on Tuesday. In the book, which explores the factual and fictional plants of Tolkien’s world, author and University of Florida botanist Walter Judd, Ph.D. reveals that Tolkien’s famed pipe-weed is a lot less exciting that fans might hope.

In the book, which also includes beautiful, wood carving-styled illustrations by Graham Judd, Walter Judd notes that Tolkien’s pipe-weed was actually just plain old tobacco. He uses the word “tobacco” in the narrative voice in Lord of the Rings and even named the tobacco plant genus Nicotiana in the Prologue section “Concerning Pipe-weed.” Furthermore, Bilbo explicitly mentions tobacco in The Hobbit, telling Gandalf that it’s “a very fine morning for a pipe of tobacco out of doors.”

Despite these obvious textual clues, which would have been apparent to any fan who read the books closely, the pipe weed-marijuana connection has persisted for a long time, probably tracing its roots to dorm room stoner culture that rose around the same time as Dungeons & Dragons. The game draws significantly on Middle-Earth for mythology and characters, so it’s no stretch to say that the same people who spent their weekends engaging in D&D campaigns and smoking joints probably also loved Lord of the Rings. Be that as it may, though, Tolkien’s original text, as Judd points out, does not support this interpretation.

While it’s possible that fans may have overstated the cannabis head-canon, it’s not all in their minds. Peter Jackson’s film adaptation of the Lord of the Rings trilogy heavily suggested that Gandalf and Frodo’s pipes were filled with something a little stronger than tobacco. You may recall the moment Saruman rebukes Gandalf for his smoking habits, hitting him with the wild side-eye:

It seems like a stretch to say that tobacco, a stimulant, slows a person’s mind. In fact, this is a sentiment much more commonly associated with marijuana. To further hammer home the degree to which Jackson implied hobbits liked to get lit, let’s recall the moment in which Merry and Pippin light up their pipes in the ruins of Isengard and sit around smoking, snacking, and laughing, their eyes narrowed in that characteristic way:

Whatever our wishful thinking — and Peter Jackson’s creative liberties — had us believe, the evidence cited in Flora of Middle Earth is fairly clear: Pipe-weed is tobacco. Bummer.

At least you can take comfort in the fact that next time a Tolkien-loving friend winkingly suggests you share a pipe of Longbottom Leaf or Old Toby, you can hit them with the “Well, actually…”

Turns out pipe-weed was more brown than green.


Pipe-weed (also known as Halflings’ Leaf or simply Leaf) was a plant developed by the Hobbits of the Shire.


[edit] Properties

The Leaf was famous for its fragrant flowers. It preferred southern climates and it grew abundantly in Gondor. In northern regions, like Eriador, it was not as rich and large, and never found wild; it flourished only in warm sheltered places like the southern slopes of the Bree-hill, or Longbottom of the Shire. [1]

[edit] History

Apparently the plant grew in Númenor and was brought to Middle-earth by Númenóreans during the Second Age. In Gondor it grew as a wild herb, appreciated primarily for its fragrant blossoms and the Gondorians knew it as sweet galenas or more popularly as westmansweed, [2] a reference to its origin.

It was not until the Third Age when it reached Eriador, probably through the Greenway, and the Bree-hobbits were the first to put it in pipes and use it for smoking. As Bree was an ancient cross-road, the habit of smoking pipe-weed spread to other regions, as well as to other races, such as Men, Dwarves and Wizards. Meriadoc Brandybuck considered The Prancing Pony as the “home and centre” of the smoking art. [1]

But it was in the Shire where it was first domesticated, by Tobold Hornblower of Longbottom in Southfarthing around S.R. 1070. The cultivation and exportation of this herb became a key industry in the Shire, especially in the south. Popular varieties of pipe-weed included Longbottom Leaf, Old Toby, and Southern Star from the Shire. [1] Perhaps less popular was Southlinch from Bree. [3]

The Wizard Gandalf learned to smoke pipe-weed from the Hobbits and was often seen blowing smoke-rings. [1] Saruman initially derided him for this, but at some point he took up smoking himself, and even had commerce with the Shire: After the destruction of Isengard, pipe-weed was found among its stores, but the Hobbits Merry and Pippin failed to realize the sinister implications.

After the War of the Ring, Meriadoc Brandybuck authored Herblore of the Shire discussing the origins and history of the Hobbits’ ‘art’ of smoking Pipe-weed. [1]

[edit] Inspiration

In the prologue to The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien stated specifically that “it is a strain of the herb nicotiana“, [1] i.e. tobacco.

[edit] Etymology

The common Gondorian name of pipe-weed was Westmansweed. [4] The more noble name was galenas (a Númenórean Sindarin form of the proper Sindarin form galanes), with Quenya forms alanesse or alenesse derived from ala- “plant, grow” and nes- “sweet smelling”. [5]

[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

The smoke from Sweet Galenas takes the form of a sailing ship that floats out from the pipe.

The plant is used for healing Tallion, as well as other plants.

Pipe-weed Pipe-weed (also known as Halflings’ Leaf or simply Leaf) was a plant developed by the Hobbits of the Shire. Contents [edit] Properties The Leaf was famous for its fragrant