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Local seed systems and their importance for an improved seed supply in developing countries

Summary

Varriety use and development, seed production and storage by farmers under local conditions, and seed exchange mechanisms are presented as the three principal components of a dynamic system that forms the most important seed source of food crops for small farmers in developing countries. The information on this topic is based on a literature review and a case study. Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of local seed systems leads to the conclusion that local seed systems and the formal system are complementary. Integrated approaches in breeding, and seed production and distribution show to have promising potential for improving seed supply for small farmers.

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Author information

Affiliations

Department of Agronomy, Wageningen Agricultural University, Haarweg 333, 6709 RZ, Wageningen, The Netherlands

C. J. M. Almekinders & N. P. Louwaars

Reeënlaan 3, 6705 BZ, Wageningen, The Netherlands

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Varriety use and development, seed production and storage by farmers under local conditions, and seed exchange mechanisms are presented as the three princi

Gh seed

Welcome to the National Tree Seed Centre (NTSC).

The NTSC operates as a Section under the Forest Improvement and Productivity Division of CSIR-FORIG. It is mandated to ensure the sustainable supply of high quality germplasm and planting materials for reforestation projects, plantation development, and research purposes.

With its state-of-the-art facilities, and competent Research scientist and Technicians, the NTSC provides a wide range of essential services in tree seed and seedling production for our local and international clients. The NTSC is currently running a seed conservation project with the Millennium Seed Bank Partnership at the Royal Botanic Garden in Kew, United Kingdom.

The NTSC is also collaborating with the Botanical Garden Conservation International (BGCI) in the UK, to develop efficient propagation protocols for threatened tree species in Ghana and beyond.

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