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Learn more about how Arbor Vita8 produces crude hemp oil and why it’s a great starting point for hemp products. Learn about the differences between Full Spectrum Crude Oil and Distillates & where to purchase.

Crude Hemp Oil Extraction

Before hemp is processed into any number of hemp-derived products, such as topical creams, edibles, or tinctures you must extract crude oil from the dried crop. Arbor Vita8 provides the expertise, infrastructure, and high-capacity, seed-to-sale pipeline that both farmers and commercial hemp manufacturers need to safely and successfully extract, process, refine, and use crude hemp oil.

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What is Crude Hemp Oil?

As the name suggests, producing crude hemp oil is just the first step in the extraction process. Crude hemp oil contains all of the cannabinoids (including CBC, CBD, CBG, CBN, and low levels of THC), terpenes and flavonoids found in hemp. From there, it can be further processed into a range of distillates, isolates, and other refined products – much like crude petrochemical oil is refined into kerosene, gasoline and other types of fuel and oil.

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How is Crude Oil Extracted from Hemp?

There are several methods for extracting crude oil from raw materials. Each method provides its own pros and cons, making it possible for different processors to use different options.

CO2 Extraction:

This method turns carbon dioxide into a liquid in order to use it as a solvent. It’s efficient, and expensive, but it will get you a high concentration of your chosen cannabinoid within the final product. CO2 extraction is also completely non-toxic.

Hydrocarbon Extraction :

The solvents in this method are anything from butane to propane, which do an excellent job of separating your desired cannabinoid from the rest of the crude oil. However, hydrocarbons are extremely toxic, and extra pains must be taken to remove the solvent completely from the oil before processing is considered complete.

Ethanol Extraction :

Selecting ethanol as your solvent gives you the best of all worlds by providing a process that’s efficient and inexpensive. Ethanol also evaporates completely during the extraction process leaving you with a safe, non-toxic finished product.

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You can also extract crude hemp oil using a non-solvent extraction method, but these processes are very labor intensive, and can lead to inconsistent concentrations of your preferred cannabinoid.

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Deciding which extraction
process to use

At Arbor Vita8, our machinery operates using the ethanol extraction process. Not only is it cost-efficient and clean, but our fully-automated system allows us to produce the best oils at the best cost. Our streamlined process maintains ultra-low solvent temperatures, which means we save you the step of having to winterize your crude oil. Not only that, but we’re able to reuse our solvent more than once, making our extraction system better for the environment.

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What is Crude Hemp Oil Used For?

Ultimately, there are thousands of consumer and commercial products that use crude hemp oil and its refined byproducts. This list includes items containing CBD, CBG, CBC, and CBN — all of which start out as crude oil before becoming the tinctures, creams, balms, and edibles you see on the market today. Vaporizer products, edibles, topical creams and balms – the list goes on and on.

To support so many different uses and products, there are also a variety of refinement levels that take crude into even purer oils and distillates.

This can leave you with one of two primary categories of refined hemp – full-spectrum distillate and t-free distillate.

The Difference Between Full Spectrum Crude Oil and Distillates

Consumers who are interested in adding cannabidiol (CBD) to their regimen have a number of options when it comes to the available products currently on the market — and, CBD distillates and full spectrum crude oils are some of them.

At Medical Mike’s, we focus on full spectrum CBD oils that feature all of the beneficial compounds of the hemp plant without leaving any behind. While there are CBD isolate products available, we believe that CBD working in conjunction with other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids in the hemp plant can produce a more enhanced and therapeutic effect in those who consume it. In this article, briefly observe the difference between full-spectrum crude oil and distillates.

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What Are Distillate Oils?

Sometimes referred to as broad-spectrum hemp oil, distillates begin as a full-spectrum oil, but are then further refined to remove certain cannabinoids, like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). They generally contain as much as 80% CBD, with the remainder comprised of other minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and other plant oils. Distillates can be refined even further to create CBD isolates, which are purified CBD crystals that are made up of nearly all CBD.

There are a few different methods to extract CBD and other compounds of the hemp plant. Distillate oils are run through a more intensive and lengthy extraction process in order to break it down into broad-spectrum or CBD isolates, which essentially leaves behind a product that contains a higher CBD level. But since CBD distillates still contain other cannabinoids, they are sometimes considered full-spectrum products and can contain significant levels of other cannabinoids.

There are pros and cons of distillates, including the following:

  • More potent form of isolated CBD.
  • Versatile (may be used on their own or added to edibles or topicals).
  • Contain very few terpenes that work synergistically together to create the entourage effect.
  • Typically contain a lower content of cannabinoids and other bioactive chemicals.

What Are Full-Spectrum Crude Oils?

Crude CBD oil is also known as full-extract or full-spectrum CBD oil and is considered true hemp oil with all its compounds.

“Full-spectrum” CBD means that all cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids— including CBD and other bioactive compounds — are extracted from the hemp plant instead of just the CBD alone. Studies suggest that when all cannabinoids are ingested together, they work in harmony to provide an even greater effect in the body. This phenomenon is what scientists refer to as the ” entourage effect .”

More specifically, the entourage effect is based on the notion that each individual cannabinoid can create a more powerful effect when they work together compared to what they are able to do on their own. For this reason, many consumers may prefer consuming full-spectrum oils over isolates.

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Like distillates, full-spectrum CBD oil has its perks and drawbacks, including the following.

  • Offers the full benefits of all compounds in the hemp plant.
  • Less processed than CBD isolates.
  • May have a strong flavor.
  • May contain higher levels of THC, which is less than 0.3% by law.

There are over 100 known cannabinoids, of which CBD and THC are the most abundant and well-known. But there are plenty others that are worth noting because of their potential therapeutic effects and role in the entourage effect in the body. There are also many terpenes in the hemp plant as well, which also deserve their credit for the medicinal properties they may have.

Other cannabinoids that would be present in full-spectrum CBD oils include cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), which we will get into more detail below:

Organic CBG oil – A cannabinoid not typically abundant in hemp and usually comprises less than 1% levels in most plants. However, when it works synergistically with other cannabinoids in full-spectrum hemp oils, it can offer a number of health benefits, including alleviating pain, inflammation , nausea, and potentially reducing eye pressure caused by glaucoma .

CBC – Sharing the same origins as THC and CBD from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that may be associated with neurogenesis , alleviation of pain and inflammation , and calming of skin issues . CBC may even have antidepressant properties .

Final Thoughts

While there’s certainly the argument that CBD isolates and distillates can be beneficial because of the high concentrations of CBD contained within them, there’s also the potential for more heightened effects with full-spectrum crude CBD oils.

By allowing all beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes to work together, the effects may be more pronounced and powerful compared to the consumption of CBD alone. We invite you to try any one of our high-quality CBD oils to experience the therapeutic potential of full spectrum extracts.

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